sexta-feira, 27 de junho de 2014

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United States: American culture is the one that has influence in the world, currently [1].Since the country's rise to the rank of world power, from the second world war, theirmovies, music, TV shows, sports, technology, cooking, architecture, fashion, science and lifestyle have become fundamental references in every country in the world. According to a survey of the best universities in the world by the Shanghai Jiao Tong University in2009, eight of the top ten universities in the world are Americans.
American literature, although not a global importance as large as his movies, for example, features world famous authors such as James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851),Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), Henry DavidThoreau (1817-1862), Herman Melville (1819-1891), Walt Whitman (1819-1892),Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888), Jack London (1876-1916), F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940), William Faulkner (1897-1962), Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), John Steinbeck(1902-1968), Ray Bradbury (1920-2012) and Jack Kerouac (1922-1969). In the field ofcooking, his greatest contribution to the world is fast food, food style which is characterized by the speed of preparation, availability and consumption. Is a kind ofdiet composed mainly of sandwiches (burgers and hot dogs) and beverages (soft drinks and milkshakes) rich in sugar and fat, which made being countered by medicine from the end of the 20th century.
Another American contribution to world cuisine was Coca-Cola, one of the mostwidespread beverage in the world today and that was invented by American JohnPemberton in 1886, in the city of Atlanta, Georgia. With the popularization of the beverage world, became one of the main symbols of American culture in the world. It is worth noting, too, the taste of the American Chinese food, coffee (the country is theworld's largest consumer of the product) and the influence of Mexican cuisine onMexico border, forming the typical Tex-Mex cuisine. Another foreign influence on the country's cuisine exists in Louisiana, where the population of French origin created atypical culinary nicknamed cajun (a term that comes from acadian, "Akkadian", of Akkad, Canadian region where the majority of immigrants came from Luisiania) that has, as typical ingredients, Norway lobster, crab, shrimp, alligator, pig, duck, Turkey, chicken, rice, corn, green pepper, onion, parsley, shallots, Bay leaves and chili.
The country produces distillates typical of corn (bourbon) and rye (rye). The State of California is famous for the quality of its wines. The Americans have three favorite sports: American football, baseball and basketball. Despite the country's cultural influence in the rest of the world, only the latter is widespread in the world. Americansalso appreciate the ice hockey. The skate, one of the most popular sports in the world today, was invented in the State of California, in the Decade of 1960, by surfers who wanted to practice their sport on days of few waves. Surfing, moreover, that, since time immemorial, was already practiced in Polynesia, spread worldwide thanks to the effortsof dissemination of the sport by Hawaiian Duke Paoa Kahanamoku, who was gold medalist in swimming at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm.
The English language is the main language used in the country, while ethnic minoritiescontinue to use the languages of their countries of origin, such as Spanish, Chinese,Dutch, Japanese, filipino, Hawaiian, navajo, cherokee, the cree, the cheyenne, thechoctaw and ocreek. The languages of the American Indians exercised great influence on American toponyms ("Potomac", "Oklahoma", "Seattle", "Iowa", "Minnesota","Dakota", "Connecticut", "Michigan", "Milwaukee" etc.). It is worth noting that theEnglish used in the United States has different lexicon and pronunciation of the English language adopted in England. Is this American version of the English language thatspread in the world from the mid-20th century, and today, a sort of internationallingua franca. The increase in immigration to the country (and the decrease in the birth rate of Americans), however, has raised a dilemma: stay as an English-speaking nation,or officially recognize the cultural and linguistic diversity of the country.
Especially, take the massive use of the Castilian language, particularly in the region of the border with Mexico. as for the music, some of the most famous styles in the worldare of American origin, such as rock, jazz, rap, hip hop, funk, soul, the rhythm 'n blues,blues, country and gospel. The predominant religion in the country is Christianity,mainly Protestant branch. The Catholic minority, however, is numerically significant. It is composed mainly by descendants of immigrants from Catholic countries such as Italy,Ireland and the

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